A Sinner or a Saint: the image of Mary, Queen of Scots in the works of Friedrich Schiller, Juliusz Słowacki and Stefan ZweigJournal: Studia Humanitatis (Vol.2017, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2017-04-18
Authors : Melkov A.S.; Nikolsky E.V.;
Page : 17-17
Keywords : person in history; Mary Stuart; Elizabeth I; Scotland; England; monarchy; Catholicism; Protestantism; romanticism; F. Schiller; J. Słowacki; S. Zweig;
The artistic image of Mary, Queen of Scots in the works of F. Schiller, J. Słowacki and S. Zweig are researched in the article. The Queen's life, character, inner world and psychological portrait appear on the pages of the classicists' works in the context of the era she lived. The turbulent historical processes that took place in England and Scotland at the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Early Modern Period led to the phenomenon of Mary Stuart's personality. Obviously the creativity of the authors whose works were dedicated to Mary I of Scotland was influenced by the experience learned from the lessons of their time. It was reflected in the classicists' analyses and description of the past. Romanticistsof the 19th century, F. Schiller and J. Słowacki, interpreted the personality of Mary Stuart in the sinner/saint dichotomy, but S. Zweig at the historic break in the 30s of the 20th century departed from the unilateralism of such an approach. In his romanced biography of Mary, Queen of Scots he tells about the rises and falls of his heroine. S. Zweig presents Mary I of Scotland as a wonderful, passionate and suffering woman, who even 400 years after her death inspires and excites peoples' minds and hearts.
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