ORGANIC CULTIVATION OF MAKHANA IN LOW LAND DURING RAINY SEASON FOR ENHANCING FARM PROFITABILITYJournal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.7, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2017-07-01
Authors : Bakulranjan Jana;
Page : 419-424
Keywords : Gestation Period; Organic makhana; Seed Quality and Yield;
Proper agronomic practices are needed to harness the maximum benefit of genetic potentials of crop and nutrient availability in any production system. Thus, in the current study, wecompared different methods of makhana or gorgon nut cultivation with organic and inorganic fertilizers with different combinations. The use of organic fertilizers inform of arandi cake (Ricinus communis, and karanj cakes (Pongamia pinata) and neem cakes (Azadiracta indica ) in different combinations showed promising results. Neem cake + arandicake (10:7) @2.5 T/ha resulted in the maximum gorgon nut yield (4.3T/ha) and laso maintained soil health. Net return was also the maximum (about 1.72 lakh/ha) with this treatment. So far nut quality is concerned; nut size was decreased (0.86 g) with the enhanc ment of yield in organic cake application i.e. castor cake and neemcake (7:10) 2.5T/ha(T4).In organic pond system (T2) and lite organic cake application (T1)[( arandi cake and karanj cake (50:50) 2T/ha produced the bold seed (1.03 g) in field system. The minimum gestation period was found in T4 treatments (135 days includiding total decompostion of vegetative growth in rain water as compared to T2 (180 days )[ inorganic pond system].
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