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The chronology of Volga Bulgaria antiquities within medieval migrations system of Eastern Europe

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.3, No. 9)

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Authors : ; ; ;

Page : 222-241

Keywords : the Middle Volga region; the Early Middle Ages; Volga Bulgaria; early Bulgarians; migrations; periodization; the Saltov culture; the Khazar Khaganate; Turkification;

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Based on the author's cultural-chronological stratigraphy of the antiquities of the early and pre-Mongol Volga Bulgars in the 8th through to 13th centuries, the stages of their migration from the north-eastern provinces of the Saltov culture territory to the Middle Volga region have been singled out. It is assumed that in the history of the Middle Volga region, there were two main waves of Turkification: the first was associated with the population of the post-Hunnish circle (the Khazars, the Oghuz, the Bulgars), while the second wave was represented by the Late Turkic (Kipchak?) population. However, the interaction of Volga Bulgaria with its ancestral home in the framework of the Saltov culture and the Khazar Khaganate had lasted for several centuries, and during that time, a number of migration waves on a smaller scale, in particular after the defeat of Khazaria, occurred in the Middle Volga region. For about 600 years, the Bulgars had been maintaining contacts with the Ugrians, the Volga-Uralic Finns, and the Slavs.

Last modified: 2017-05-22 15:10:49