Soft Tissue Calcification in Oral and Maxillofacial Imaging: A Pictorial ReviewJournal: International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science (IJDOS) (Vol.03, No. 04)
Publication Date: 2016-04-06
Authors : Omami G;
Page : 219-224
Keywords : Soft Tissue Calcification; Dystrophic calcification which occurs in degenerating; inflamed; and necrotic tissues;
Pathologic calcification of soft tissues occurs when calcium salts, essentially calcium phosphate, are deposited in an unorganized fashion in soft tissue (heterotopic calcification). There are three types of heterotopic calcification: 1) Dystrophic calcification which occurs in degenerating, inflamed, and necrotic tissues. 2) Metastatic calcification results when calcium salts are precipitated in normal tissue as a result of abnormal high levels of blood calcium or phosphate. 3) Idiopathic calcification (calcinosis) occurs in normal tissue despite normal blood calcium level.
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