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Bone Graft Substitutes for Bone Defect Regeneration. A Collective Review

Journal: International Journal of Dentistry and Oral Science (IJDOS) (Vol.03, No. 05)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 247-257

Keywords : Bone Graft; Scaffold Bone Defect; Bone Substitutes; Bone Regeneration.;

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Objective: The purpose of this review article is to illustrate the current state of development of bone graft substitutes that could be used for bone defect regeneration, as well as to analyze their efficacy for clinical use. Methods: An electronic search of the PubMed, was performed for articles written in English. The focused question was “ideal graft substitute material to choose in clinical practice”?. The searches were limited to articles including: bone graft, bone defect scaffold, bone substitutes, and bone regeneration. An attempt was made to identify clinical studies. During the data collection, the data were extracted from the studies including scaffold material, properties and advantages of bone substitutes, as well as clinical results if the study has been provided clinically. Results: In spite of several acceptable scaffold options available for bone regeneration, these options still need to bridge the gap between research and clinical practice. There is little information available about the cellular basis for bone regeneration in humans. Several problems limit the broad usage of such options, including lack of randomized controlled human studies, and dubious long term results. Conclusion: The studies should be nurtured and monitored by a combination of clinical experience. Future trends may focus on the effective combinations of osteoinductive materials, osteoinductive growth factors and cell-based tissue regeneration tactics using composite carriers. There is no single ideal graft material to choose in clinical practice, therefore researches are ongoing in all relevant fields, to establish modern bone regeneration protocols that may lead to the innovation of ideal graft substitutes.

Last modified: 2017-05-29 20:14:51