PERFORMANCE OF MORBIDITY RESPIRATORY TRACT AND TUMORS FOR A PERIOD OF 10 YEARS RELATED TO AIR POLLUTION IN THE DISTRICT OF ELBASAN, ALBANIAJournal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.4, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2014-01-15
Authors : Edmont Laho Anila Neziri Artan Simaku;
Page : 185-190
Keywords : pollution; environment; diseases; bronchitis; asthma; tumors;
The purpose of this paper is to show the progress of the disease and mortality that affect the respiratory apparatus and tumors for the period of 10 years. This is a 10-year retrospective study that analyzes and studies morbidity caused by chronic bronchitis, asthma and tumors in Elbasan. Criteria of the study includes the diagnosis of chronic lung disease pathologies and these tumors visible disease categories affected by environmental pollution. The pulmonary diseases have increased from 10.5 by 2001 up to 25.3 cases per thousand inhabitants in 2012. While bronchial asthma incidence on national level for the last years is 23-25 cases in 10. 000 inhabitants. We have a large and progressive increase of tumor diseases from 6.2-6.5 / 10,000 in 2002-2003 that goes over 9.0 to 11.0/10,000 inhabitants for 2010-2011. In this study it is found that about 72% of cases are from the city and the villages near the old and new industrial zone. The tumor patients aged 25-50 years constitute about 60%. On the other hand the pollution that comes from industrial areas continue to be sustainable and the urban pollution is increasing. The pollution parameters TSP, PM10, Ozone etc. continue to be more than three times the European community parameters. Clear morbidity and mortality from respiratory diseases like: chronic bronchitis, asthma and maligned diseases are on the rise and the most important factor causing these diseases is that the environment continues to be a very high contamination where industrial areas.
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