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Oriental Elements in the Material Culture of Azaq and the Problem of Migrations of the Golden Horde Urban Population

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.4, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 180-191

Keywords : the Azov Sea region; Azaq city; the Lower Volga river region; the Golden Horde period; dwellings; heating system; kangs; ceramics imports;

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The data on the emergence of new Oriental material culture elements in the city of Azaq, such as new housing and pottery types, characteristic of the mid-14th-century Golden Horde cities of the Lower Volga region, are provided in the article. Particular attention is paid to the appearance of new types of dwellings with the kang-based system of heating. They make up about 10 per cent of all residential complexes studied in Azaq: mostly ground dwellings, as semi-subterranean dwellings with kangs are rarely met. It has been suggested that in the mid-14th century a considerable group of residents of the Golden Horde Lower Volga towns had migrated to Azaq. The reasons for this relocation can be discussed only hypothetically.

Last modified: 2017-06-14 16:27:32