Characteristics of Chrome Complexes in Neutralizing EffluentJournal: Revista de Pielarie Incaltaminte / Leather and Footwear Journal (Vol.17, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2017-03-31
Authors : Jinwei ZHANG; Yanping GAO; Wuyong CHEN;
Page : 45-50
Keywords : neutralizing effluent; chromium complex; composition; structure; tanning property;
In order to explain the reason of chromium released from chrome tanned leather to effluent in neutralizing, the chromium complex composition, structure and property in neutralizing effluent were characterized. Hide powder was tanned by chromium sulfate liquor with 33% basicity (BCS), and then the tanned hide powder was treated by conventional neutralizing to prepare neutralizing effluent (NE). Ion exchange chromatography (IEC) and gel filtration chromatography (GFC) were used to separate NE to study its chromium composition firstly; then ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) were combined to analyze the structure of chrome complexes in NE; at last, chromium from NE was used for tanning and the thermal properties of the tanned hide powder were measured by thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results indicated that NE mainly consisted of anionic-zero valent, monovalent and bivalent chrome complexes and the molecular volume was small also. The Cr(III) complexes in NE were mainly combined with ligands like SO42- and HCOO- through single point coordination. Compared with the control, higher weightlessness rate but lower maximum thermal decomposition temperature (Tmax), thermal denaturation temperature (Td) and enthalpy (ΔΗ) of NE chrome tanned hide powder demonstrated poor tanning ability of the chromium. In short, the characteristics of chromium complexes released from neutralizing process were: anionic-zero valent and low positive charge composition, small molecular volume, mainly combined with ligands through single point coordination and poor tanning ability. The study would provide foundation and reference for developing chromium solidifying methods in neutralizing.
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