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Journal: Problems of Education in the 21st Century (Vol.15, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 99-108

Keywords : education; guiding and counseling; discipline; character formation;

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Since the 1990s, education system in Kenya has faced dynamic and rapid changes that have had overwhelming effects both on the child, teacher, school and society at large. Education policies have changed over the years including the recently introduced policy on caning which was scraped through children's Act of 2001 and replaced with guiding and counseling as a measure to prepare a child for the challenges they face both in school and outside school. As corporal punishment remains banned and children becoming more aware of their rights, guiding and counseling remains the most acceptable channel of reaching the children in schools; the children too being teenagers, they experience a time of storm and stress characterized by mixed reactions of being happy at one moment and extremely sad at another moment. The reactions to such situations are likely to be intense and volatile. With parents being too busy to give children quality time and attention, the responsibility has been left to rest squarely on the shoulder of the teachers to help students make decisions on aspects that affect their lives. This therefore necessitates the need to strengthen guiding and counseling in schools. This paper examines the role of guiding and counseling in secondary schools mainly in shaping the career life of the teenager and the challenges faced by schools in using it as a measure to replace caning in instilling discipline in the students. The research was based and build on scientific sources, analytical evaluative studies and scientific literature; content analysis of documents and reflection of experience to examine the role of guiding and counseling in secondary schools. From the findings, a conclusion was drawn that to streamline the role of guiding & counseling and overcome the challenges in shaping the students' integrated development, every party including the MOE, policy makers, schools, teachers and parents have a role to play in shaping the life of the child.

Last modified: 2017-09-22 03:27:06