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SIMULATION-OPTIMIZATION FOR STOCHASTIC MODELLING TO GENERATE ALTERNATIVES

Journal: International Journal OF Engineering Sciences & Management Research (Vol.4, No. 10)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 1-8

Keywords : Simulation-Optimization; Stochastic Modelling-to-generate-alternatives;

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Abstract

In solving practical optimization applications, it is generally preferable to formulate several quantifiably good alternatives that provide distinct approaches to the particular problem. This is because decision-making typically involves complex problems that are riddled with incompatible performance objectives and possess competing design requirements which are very difficult – if not impossible – to quantify and capture at the time that the supporting decision models are constructed. There are invariably unmodelled design issues, not apparent at the time of model construction, which can greatly impact the acceptability of the model's solutions. Consequently, it is preferable to generate several alternatives that provide multiple, disparate perspectives to the problem. These alternatives should possess near-optimal objective measures with respect to all known modelled objective(s), but be fundamentally different from each other in terms of the system structures characterized by their decision variables. This solution approach is referred to as modelling to generate-alternatives (MGA). This paper provides a simulation-optimization MGA approach that efficiently creates multiple solution alternatives to stochastic problems that satisfy required system performance criteria and yet remain maximally different in their decision spaces. The efficacy of this stochastic MGA method is demonstrated using a waste facility expansion case study.

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