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Isolated Rhodococcal Empyema: A Case Report

Journal: Austin Journal of Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine (Vol.3, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 1-2

Keywords : Rhodococcus equi; Rhodococcal infection; Rhodococcal Empyema; Empyema in HIV;

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Rhodococcus equi infection is an opportunistic infection in the immunocompromised host. Pulmonary infection is the most common presentation of this pathogen. This pathogen was not uncommon in pre-HAART era, but nowadays this pathogen has become rare opportunistic infection although pleural involvement may be seen in about 15% of patient with pulmonary Rhodococcal infection, Empyema is considered as a rare complication. In our review of the literature, all cases of Rhodococcal Empyema thoracis have been associated with extensive pulmonary parenchymal involvement. We report a case of an HIV-infected patient presenting with isolated Rhodococcal empyema and discuss the medical management of this case.

Last modified: 2017-11-08 19:26:31