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Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 105-108

Keywords : the USA; multicultural education; ethnic minorities; segregation;

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This article deals with educational problems of ethnic population in the United States of America. It is underlined that segregation in education existed in USA for a long time. Representatives of ethnic minorities had no equal rights in the field of education. Situation has changed since 1954 when new more progressive laws were introduced. Today the government of USA is working on the further mastering of the system of education. Cultural pluralism is understood as the availability and recognition of free existence and development of different ethnic cultures, being a part of a single national community. The aim of multiculturalism is to create an open society, in which the representatives of all groups (social, cultural, ethnic) have possibilities of self-development, self-actualization with the preservation of unique cultural origin. Multiculturalism is considered to be a democratic policy of solving the problem of cultural and social diversity in the society, which includes educational, linguistic, economic and social components and has specific mechanisms of embodiment. Educational component is represented by multicultural education. Multicultural education is usually interpreted as that one, which facilitates the formation in a person of the readiness for activities in a modern socio-cultural environment, preservation of personal identity, aspiration for respect and understanding of other cultural communities, the ability to live in peace and harmony with representatives of various racial, ethnic, cultural, religious groups. The necessity of tolerant coexistence of large and small ethnic and national communities evokes the need of a new system of education, which will enable to take into consideration national (ethnic) and social divergences and will include various types, models and valuable pedagogical orientations, adequate to the world outlook as well as inquiries of various ethno-cultural population groups. The necessity of an adequate reflection of these ideas in education is an objective need of multinational states. The American educational system quite successfully implements all the features of the democratization of education, but the problem of access to education is not completely solved. State policy ensures equal opportunities in education in the USA over the past decade, but very significant quantitative difference between rich and poor students is observed, as well as between English-speaking children and children who speak the language perfectly, African Americans, Hispanics and white population

Last modified: 2018-01-09 22:47:58