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Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 214-216

Keywords : praxeology; praxeological approach; social workers; innovative technology and social workers.;

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The article describes the interpretation of the "praxeology" term by foreign and home scientists. The following features of the praxiological approach were considered as well: data synthesis of various sciences related to the work organization; unification of all that mankind has accumulated in the field of work organization into a single system; synthesis that is universal, in relation to any activity; by synthesizing various data from the perspective of a specific target job, clearer orientation for the Sciences which material is used is presented. It has been established that praxiological approach can be integrated with other scientific approaches, as it involves targeted training of future specialists, namely: detecting the activity and testing of rational models of professional activities (activity approach); on the basis of the reflexive analysis of their own professional actions, students acquire theoretical and practical experience of successful activities (personal approach); comparing the theoretical and practical models of professional action, students determine the most valuable samples for their own professional development (axiological approach), identify the nodes (acmeological approach) for professional growth. The following skills that contribute to the successful activities of social workers we defined: analytical; predictive; structural; organizational; communicational; diagnostic; reflexive. These forms of work that make the implementation of the praxiological approach effective were given: lectures (problematic, partially-search, research presentation, interdisciplinary approach); practical training and teaching seminars (training in team, debate, business games and simulation-play method of training, method of projects, game design, analysis of professional activity of specialists); laboratory work (research); individual sessions; self-monitoring; computer diagnostics; practice. During research, one of the main focuses felt on the importance of practical training of students, observed the ways of its improving: attracting to volunteer activities and participation in various types of practices: learning (cognitive, psycho-pedagogical, humanitarian, professional) and production (research, undergraduate). A number of specific tasks was identified, namely: adaptation of the student to the real conditions of their future profession; creation of conditions for practical application of acquired knowledge; establishing and improving the basic professional skills and abilities; diagnostication of students' professional suitability to social work; providing the successful future professional activities. The final step was making a conclusion regarding the praxeology orientation of the educational process.

Last modified: 2018-01-09 23:13:55