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Examine the Production Activities of Vine Nurseries in the Light of Modern Day's Vine Arboriculture Managements

Journal: COMU Journal of Agriculture Faculty (Vol.3, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Page : 127-143

Keywords : Open-rooted grafted grapevine sapling; Tubed (covered) grafted saplings; Vine arboriculture business; nursery yield;

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In this research, a survey has been conducted between the years 2010-2013 which consisted an approximate of 100 question asked to some of the today's vine nurseries management enterprisers (13 number), and majority of them were belonged to the Marmara and Aegean regions of our country. The answers of questions asked to the vine nursery enterprisers, face to face, have been analyzed carefully aimed to examine the enterprisers. In the result of assessments, different vine nurseries organizations have been determined that the phases of open rooted grafted grapevine and tubed (covered) grafted saplings production showed a large extent of similarity, however, differences were found in date, time, temperature, and materials and methods. Generally, two different methods are used mainly in germination rooms. The first method is a classical method. The medium-thick cuttings (7-12 mm) are used by some management enterprises those adopting this method and placed the grafted cuttings (700 800 number) into the crates in normal intensity, and then kept them at an average of 25 25 days. The demand of the creation of a vigorous root system along with the middle intensive brazenly shoots and a thicker callus come into prominence for longer duration in the germination room. In this case, the breaking period (7-14 days) is also become longer. According to the second method, being adopted in recent years, usage of thin cuttings (4-7 mm) in some managements and placement of heavy grafted cuttings (900-1200 number) to the crates where grafted cuttings are kept under constant temperature of 30 C for a duration of 13-14 days (maximum 20 days) or by lowering the temperature gradually from 30-32 C during first 3 days. This method endures the formation of a sufficient and all-around fine callus in graft area within a shorter period in the direction of improving new shoots, callus in blinded buds, bottom-based callus and/or creation of roots. In the light of the above-mentioned cases, intensive and long roots along with any shoot growth have not been required, and the breaking period (3-7 days) is kept shorter than usual. However, in this regard, each of the vine nursery management enterpriser preferred a suitable method according to themselves, and even it observed during some intermediate applications.

Last modified: 2018-01-29 22:52:01