IMPACT OF OPTIMISM ON LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS: A REVIEW OF LITERATUREJournal: International Journal of Management (IJM) (Vol.8, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2017-12-26
Authors : SHYAMALENDU NIYOGI;
Page : 1-8
Keywords : Leadership; Leadership Development; Optimism and Leadership Effectiveness.;
Leadership includes a broad range of area. One can improve the position and trustworthiness of the organization by concentrating on leadership effectiveness. With such leadership skill one can establish the team culture in the organization and enhance the support of everyone in the organization. Most importantly it provides for all the employees of the organization to implement accomplishment in every task they perform. The present study aims to identify the relationship and impact of optimism on leadership effectiveness. The study is based on review of literature which depicts that optimism helps in the decision making, cooperation among employees, citizenship behavior and trust by the leader which obtain leadership effectiveness. The study suggest that organizations which concentrate on long term return should have optimistic leadership because the impact of optimistic leadership is stronger when long term objectives and goals has to be achieved. The study found that (i) optimism is connected with sentimental and behavioral dimension which influence the level of trust among people therefore optimism helps in developing trust among leader and follower. (ii) Optimistic leader will not be affected and troubled in uncertain situations. The optimistic leader has the capability to see the opportunity in the difficult situation because of their approach. Optimism will work as strength in the uncertain situation for the organization. (iii) Optimism helps to create cooperative climate in the organization, it increases the citizenship behavior of the employee for each other. The cooperation and citizenship behavior develop team spirit which brings effectiveness. (iv) Leader can also develop strong self-efficacy among his subordinates with is optimism because optimism will make subordinate think positive about them which will develop self-efficacy and performance will improve. The finding delineate that there is strong relationship between optimism and leadership effectiveness.
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