Psychometr Properties of the Positive Meta-Cognitions and Meta-Emotions Questionnaire in athletesJournal: Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry (Vol.1, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2015-03-10
Authors : Zahedeh Rahmanian Seyed Mohammad VaezMousavi;
Page : 44-62
Keywords : hysical activity; sport; metacognition; metaemotion; factor analysis.;
Aim: Metacognition refers to self-knowledge, control and monitoring of one's own thinking and emotional processes, such a metacognition and metaemotion is consisted of: a) confidence in extinguishing perseverative thoughts and emotions b) confidence in interpreting own emotions as cues, restraining from immediate reaction and mind-setting for problem-solving c) confidence in setting flexible and feasible hierarchies of goals. the purpose of the present research was: a) to detemine psychometric properties of the positive metacognitions and meta-emotions questionnaire (PMCEQ) in athletes b) to explore differences for gender, age-group, duration and types of physical activity in positive metacognition c) to analyze the relationship between the positive metacognitions and sports-related motivations and goals. Method: The sample consisted of 307 men and women athletes of 7 sport clups in Jahrom city which selected by use of claster random sampling. Finding: The factor analyses showed the presence of a three-dimensional structure of PMCEQ which determine 47.24% of total variance explained of metacognition. The positive metacognition differences were found as regard gender, age, duration and types of physical activity. There were significant correlations between PMCEQ and metacognition questionnaire-30, sport self-regulation and goal orientation questionnaires. Data were indicative of acceptable level of Cronbach's alpha (.83) and split-half (.86) reliability coefficients of positive metacognition and metaemotion questionnaire totally. Concolution: The results of the present study seem to indicate the substantial adequacy of this instrument to measure positive metacognition and metaemotion in the domain of sport and physical activity.
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