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Prevalence of Dental Caries among Slum Dwelling Children Aged 12-15 Years in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

Journal: International Healthcare Research Journal (Vol.2, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 12-15

Keywords : Caries; Slums; DMFT Index; Odd’s Ratio (OR);

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INTRODUCTION: Dental caries, is a global health burden which hampers the holistic health of an individual and leads to complications later in life. AIM: To assess the dental caries status of children in slum-dwelling areas of Kolhapur district, Maharashtra, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive approach was conducted among 400 slum dwelling children aged 12-15 years using DMFT index, sterile instruments and ADA type III examinations. Descriptive statistics were applied using Microsoft excel. Data was then transferred into SPSS version 21.0 and the t-test (paired), Spearman's correlation and Odd's Ratio were applied to find significant associations, if any. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental caries was found to be 69.0%. Mean decay values were 3.02±1.22, whereas the mean DMFT was 1.77±1.2. A significant difference was seen between caries free and children affected with caries (p=04*, r=0.78). It was also observed that males were 2.1 times more prone to have a higher DMFT as compared to females. CONCLUSION: It is recommended that further studies be carried out among slum dwelling children of Kolhapur district, Maharashtra, India and specific dental education be imparted to them to improve their oral health.

Last modified: 2018-04-15 13:09:17