Study the Pattern of Transportation and Supply Chain of Poultry in TehranJournal: Agricultural Economics (Vol.10, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2016-08-01
Authors : Amir Hossein Chizari; Farshid Riahi Dorcheh; Hamed Rafiee;
Page : 69-91
Keywords : Transportation; Poultry; Linear Programming; Tehran Municipality.;
The issue of food security via meat and animal protein, is considered as one of the main concerns for developing countries' food security. Regarding this issue, transportation, as the most important part of supply chain, contains 10% of marginal price. Matters regarding this issue, especially for metropolitans like Tehran, could be of great importance for perishable goods' transportation, such as poultry meat. This study aimed to investigate the structure of supply chain of poultry meat in Tehran, case study Tehran's governmental markets. In this regard, 19 provinces supplier of live chickens, 100 slaughterhouse, two wholesale markets and 141 retail markets were considered. Linear programming models were considered to simulate the case study during the year 2013 (1392). The results revealed that operating under the optimized transportation pattern, from production sites to slaughterhouses, and from slaughter sites to whole sale markets, and finally from whole sale markets to retail markets, will cause the transportation costs to reduce by 0.3, 9.8, and 25.2 percent per month, respectively. Following the developed pattern will also lead to 211.94, 62.44, and 54.37 billion Rials reduction in transportation cost in any stage, respectively. Thus, it is recommended that, Tehran's municipality, due to implementation of stabilization-encouraging policies, enhanced the current supply chain conditions to an optimal one.
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