Effectiveness of Planned Teaching on Early Signs and Symptoms and Immediate Treatment of Myocardial Infarction in Among PatientsJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.3, No. 6)
Publication Date: 2014-06-15
Authors : Lele Pallavi Pradeep;
Page : 712-719
Keywords : Effectiveness; Teaching; Treatment; Myocardial Infarction; Patients;
Aim of study was to assess the Effectiveness of planned teaching on knowledge of early signs and symptoms and immediate treatment of myocardial infarction among patients. OBJECTIVES To assess knowledge about early signs and symptoms and immediate treatment of myocardial infarction among patients before and after planned teaching. METHODOLOGY-one group pretest post test design was used for fifty samples. FINDINGS -Majority of the samples 38 percent were in the age group 51-60 years, majority 82%of them were males 54% of the samples were educated up to the secondary level, spoke and understood Marathi and Hindi; most of them had mixed type of diet. Majority of the samples 54 per cent were in the income group of Rupees 1000-2000 per month. It was found that most of the samples had the habits of tobacco chewing, smoking and alcohol. Seventy two percent of samples were having Ischemic Heart Disease and 28 percent of samples were having Diabetes with Ischemic Heart Disease. 38 percent patients were suffering from Ischemic Heart Disease for less than six months.18 percent patients were suffering from Ischemic Heart Disease for six months to one year.16 percent patients were suffering from Diabetes with Ischemic Heart Disease for more than three years.The variation in the percentage of the overall knowledge during the pre-test and posttest showed a marked improvement. In posttest evaluation 80 to 100 percent of the samples were aware of the structure and function of the heart, disease process, risk factors and meaning of the disease .In the posttest evaluation, 90 to 100 percent of the samples were aware of the signs and symptoms, medications, action of drugs, doses of drugs and complications of myocardial infarction. Most of the samples became aware of the modification in diet, exercise, regular medicine and follow up. CONCLUSION- The planned teaching significantly improves the knowledge and performance among patients. This emphasized that planned teaching plays important and beneficial role in reducing the risk of the disease. Hence nurses must make an attempt to provide health education to patients at risk for myocardial infarction, which would then reduce its incidence and complications.
Other Latest Articles
Last modified: 2014-06-24 17:45:26