ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login


Journal: I.P. Pavlov Russian Medical Biological Herald (Vol.26, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 380-387

Keywords : addictive behavior; alcoholism; comorbidity; medical students; risk factors; aversion therapy.;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Background. A high level of academic load and stress create risks of alcohol abuse among medical students because they use it as a method of coping with stress. The aim of research was to verify the incidence of addictive behavior and alcoholism among medical students and their com-orbidity with mental disorders, for development of therapeutic approaches. Materials and Me-thods. 455 Medical students were examined using medico-sociological, psychometric methods and the author's «Methods of clinical screening-diagnostics of addictive and dependent behavior». Results. Alcohol abuse was detected in 13.0% of cases. Addictive behavior was revealed in 11.2% of students: 14.8% among males and 9.9% among females. The 1st clinical stage of alcohol de-pendence was diagnosed in 1.8% of students: 6.6% among males and 1.2% among females. Indi-viduals with addictive behavior and dependence were characterized by a high level of social fru-stration, negative thinking and aggressiveness, low level of self-motivation, inability to control emotions, low level of responsibility, intolerance and negative thinking. Predominating mental disorders included stress-related neurotic, somatoform and personality disorders. Individuals with addictive behavior and alcoholism exhibited a high level of asthenia, anxiety, depression, obses-sive-compulsive symptoms, social phobia and dysmorphophobia which created additional diffi-culties in social adaptation. Conclusion. The study revealed a high level of comorbidity of addic-tive behavior and alcohol dependence with mental disorders. Methods of aversion therapy in combination with development and fixation of optimal methods of coping with stress permit to achieve qualitative remission of alcoholism and to prevent its formation.

Last modified: 2019-01-09 16:28:08