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Intraperitoneal nebulization of ropivacaine 0.75% vs intraperitoneal nebulization of bupivacaine 0.5% for post-operative analgesia in laparoscopic surgeries: Prospective double blinded randomised controlled trial

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.5, No. 9)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 105-117

Keywords : Ropivacaine; Bupivacaine; Intraperitoneal; Nebulization; Laparoscopic surgery; Analgesia.;

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Background: Laparoscopic surgeries being minimally invasive surgeries are associated with a relatively minor surgical trauma. Excessive pain, nausea and vomiting and fatigue will delay the discharge. Bupivacaine and Ropivacaine, the long acting Local Anaesthetics when given intraperitoneally provide effective pain relief when the pain peaks within 4-6 hours of surgery. Aim: To compare the efficacy of intraperitoneally nebulised Ropivacaine 0.75% and Bupivacaine 0.5% for postoperative analgesia in Laparoscopic surgeries. Materials and methods: This study was a double blinded randomised controlled trial in ASA grade I and II patients” was conducted in 60 patients of both sexes, of age group 20-45 years. They were randomly divided into two groups of 30 patients each: Group R (Ropivacaine) – received intra-peritoneal nebulization of Ropivacaine 0.75% 4 ml (30 mg) after the placement of umbilical port and Group B (Bupivacaine) – received intra peritoneal nebulization of Bupivacaine 0.5% 4 ml (20 mg) after the placement of umbilical port. Results: There was no significant difference in age and weight between the two groups. Intra-operatively statistically significant differences were observed SBP - At 15 and 30 min post nebulization and at extubation. No significant differences were observed with respect to DBP and HR. Postoperatively DBP and HR differences were found to be statistically significant at 4th post-operative hour. There were no statistically significant differences in SBP and MAP between both the groups. Dynamic VAS scores were statistically significant at extubation and in first 6 hours and not significant at 24 hours between both the groups. Static VAS scores were not statistically significant at all times compared between both the groups. Mean Time for first rescue analgesic requirement was 8.23+0.511 hours in group R vs.7.59+0.52 in group B and was statistically significant (p=0.0001). Mean total rescue analgesic required was 95+33.3 mg Diclofenac in group R vs. 112.6+38.4 in group B with 26% of group R requiring 2nd dose of rescue analgesic and 50% of patients in group B required 2nd dose and was not statistically significant. Mean time for unassisted ambulation was 12.8+0.61 hours in group R vs.13.16+0.6 hours in group B which was not statistically significant (p=0.52). Conclusion: From the present study, it is concluded that both Bupivacaine and Ropivacaine are safe and similarly efficacious in reducing postoperative pain following intra-peritoneal nebulization in laparoscopic surgeries.

Last modified: 2018-10-02 15:21:32