Toxicity Effects of Aspartame on Embryonic Development of Zebrafish (Danio Rerio)Journal: International Journal of Engineering and Management Research (IJEMR) (Vol.8, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2018-02-28
Authors : Weerasooriyagedara;
Page : 183-188
Keywords : Zebrafish; Danio rerio; Aspartame; Embryonic development;
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a widely used biological model to investigate different chemicals since it has certain similarities with human biology. Present study investigated the impact of Aspartame (APM); an excessively used food additive all over the world, on the embryonic development of zebrafish. Acute toxicity experiments were performed for a 4- day period using zebrafish eggs. Ten different test concentrations of aspartame 100, 250, 300, 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, 10000, 15000 and 20000 mg/L were used as treatment concentrations. The results clearly indicated that with the increase of the aspartame concentrations, different observable deformities are formed in zebrafish embryo. At the low concentrations of aspartame such as 100, 200, 300 mg/L there were no observable malformations in zebrafish embryonic development. However, at high concentrations such as 10,000, 15,000, 20,000mg/L there were distinguishable negative alterations such as growth retardation, shrinkage of chorion, yolk sac edema, lack of pigmentation, tail deformities and scoliosis in developing embryos. Zebrafish embryo can be successfully used to investigate food additives such as aspartame. However, the impacts of these concentrations on internal anatomical and physiological changes in zebrafish embryo should be comprehensively investigated.
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