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Authors : ; ;

Page : 8219-8233

Keywords : _environmental geography; highly sensitive issues; Greeks and Romans scholars; exploitation; government; natural resources; population; urbanization;

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The highly sensitive issues of ecological concern needs are debated these days on an elevated note because we have one earth to live and earth to save, though the greater development in the field of environmental geography has been witnessed since the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the subject has a very long history. The roots of this discipline can be traced in the works of the Greeks and Romans scholars works like Herodotus, Aristotle and Eratosthenes are replete with example of relationship between man and physical environment owing to modern economic monetization, materialism, exquisiteness, avariciousness, physical greediness which has become the order of the day the earth's repositories is being depleted profoundly. Thus our divine planet is no longer the benign Mother Earth but a quarry for material utilization and over exploitation government of India. Urbanization is taking place at a faster rate in India. Population residing in urban areas in India, according to 1901 census, it was 11.4 percent. This cont increase to 28.58 percent according to 2001 census and crossing 30 percent as per 2011 census, starting at 31.16 percent. According to a survey by UN States, the World Population Report in 2007, by 3030, 40.76 percent of country's population, Urbanization is expected to reside in urban areas. As per World Bank, India, along with China, Indonesia, Nigeria, and the U.S, will lead the world's urban population surge by 2050. This research paper aims to highlight environmental planning sustainable and development in India challenges with special focus on environmental issues like air, water, land and noise pollution, problems of housing, traffic congestion, slums. The study reveals that rapid growth of population in the India and including small and large cites of India has resulted in deterioration of urban environment giving raise to shanty town and slums, heavy population concentration land use, problem of solid waste and pollution.

Last modified: 2018-10-27 18:23:45