Management of Efficient Use of Agricultural Waste for Biogas ProductionJournal: Oblik i finansi (Vol.1, No. 81)
Publication Date: 2018-09-30
Authors : Dina Tokarchuk;
Page : 133-139
Keywords : waste; agricultural waste; waste management; utilization; biofuel; biogas;
Wastes from the agro-industrial complex can be used as raw materials for industry, forage production, and most importantly for biogas production, which will reduce the energy dependence of enterprises and the state as a whole. The purpose of the article is to disclose management aspects of the effective use of agricultural waste as raw materials for the production of biogas. The analysis of statistical data on the creation of waste in Ukraine was carried out. It was revealed that the share of waste from agriculture, forestry and fisheries in the total amount of waste from enterprises is growing every year. However, the policy of using agricultural wastes is not disclosed in the statistical reports, which complicates the management of the effective use of agricultural waste for biogas production at the state level. The European and world trends in waste management were disclosed, which indicate the growth of renewable energy use. The biofuel is increasingly replacing the traditional energy resources. The dynamics of installed capacities in the world working on bioenergy including waste was estimated. The German and Danish model for the processing of animal waste for energy production was described. The analysis of energy consumption based on renewable sources in Ukraine was carried out and the share of energy of biofuel and waste in the total supply of primary energy was determined. Ukraine has an extremely high potential for using waste as energy raw materials. It was revealed that today in Ukraine the biogas plants that operate on landfills of solid domestic waste product about 15 MW of energy; the capacities that produce biogas from agricultural waste product about 25 MW of energy. The development of this sphere was promoted by the Law of Ukraine adopted in 2015 regarding the provision of competitive conditions for the production of electricity from alternative energy sources.
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