The Prevalence of Post-Operative Infection among the Male and Female Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western U.P IndiaJournal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.3, No. 5)
Publication Date: 2014-05-15
Authors : Himanshu Singh Bisht; Tanu Bisht; Deepesh Kumar;
Page : 381-383
Keywords : ;
Postoperative nosocomial infections remain a major problem in health care facilities, resulting in extended length of stay, substantial morbidity and mortality, high excess of cost, and less frequent cause of death in the surgical patient. Aims: To determine the prevalence of various pathogens among male and female patients with postoperative wound infections. Materials and Methods: One Hundred Five wound swabs were collected from patients who had developed postoperative infection. Conventional technique for isolation of bacteria was applied with analytical profile index (API system) for identification to confirm primary and secondary isolates. Results: The isolates were S. aureus 10(33%), Pseudomonas 7(23%), E. coli 3( 10%), Klebsilla spp.4(13%), Protious spp. 2(6%),Citribacter spp. 2(6% )& Acitinobacter 2(6%). The prevalence rate of hospital acquired infection were 25.23%Conclusion: The highest prevalence rate of nosocomial postoperative wound infection due to poor hygienic conditions, lack of proper antibiotics selection. Other factors that may be considered as risk factors are presence of anemia, diabetes, obesity, increased preoperative stay in hospital, proper timing of antibiotics administration etc.
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Last modified: 2014-07-01 21:28:21