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Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Microvascular and Macrovasclar Complications among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus

Journal: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) (Vol.3, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 902-908

Keywords : Microvascular; macrovascular; complications; insulin; hyperglycemia; hypoglycemia.;

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Aim-To assess the effectiveness of self instructional module on knowledge regarding prevention of microvascular and macrovascular complications among patients with diabetes mellitus. Methodology - The research approach adopted for this study is an evaluative approach. The research design selected for this present study was Quasi-experimental design one group pretest posttest design. The sample size consists of 40 diabetes mellitus patients; Non probability purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents. A structured knowledge questionnaire was administered to assess knowledge of diabetic patients regarding prevention of Micro & Macrovascular complications of diabetes mellitus. Findings- majority of the 14(35%) diabetes mellitus patients belongs to the age group of 40+ (i.e. 40-50 years). Majority of the respondents 25(62.5%) were male and 38(95%) were married. Maximum number of respondents 38(95%) were Hindu by religion. Most of the respondents 17 (42.5%) had taken secondary education and 19(47.5%) were employed. Maximum number of respondents 17(42.5%) had their family monthly income 15001 & above. Regarding duration of illness, maximum number of respondents 19(47.5%) had diabetes mellitus since 1-5 years and 38(95%) patients had some amount of knowledge about complications of diabetes mellitus. Maximum number of the respondents 33(82.5%) received information about diabetes mellitus from television, and 31(77.5%) received information from Newspaper. After the administration of SIM the pre test and post test analysis revealed that, in pre-test majority 30 (75%) patients had average knowledge, 3 (7.5%) had Good knowledge, and 7(17.5%) had poor knowledge in total knowledge score where as in post-test majority of 28(70%) had average knowledge, 8(20%) had poor knowledge and 4(10%) had a good knowledge.CONCLUSION- SIM was found to be a very effective method of providing information regarding prevention of microvascular and macrovascular complications.

Last modified: 2014-07-02 18:49:36