A Study of the Demography, Clinical Features and Management of Inguinal Hernia in a Tertiary Care HospitalJournal: Journal of Surgery (Vol.6, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2018-12-30
Authors : Sujan Narayan Agrawal;
Page : 01-05
Keywords : Demographic profile; Herniorrhaphy; Mesh hernioplasty; Inguinal hernia risk factors; Strangulation;
Background: An inguinal hernia is a common condition that affects all ages and both sexes. Its surgical management is also a common surgical procedure. The risk factor includes muscle weakness, COPD, Bronchial Asthma, heavy weight lifting, chronic constipation, pregnancy, obesity etc. Patients and method: A retrospective analytical study was conducted on patients admitted to surgical units. The study includes 1086 surgical admissions. The 116 cases of inguinal hernias are studied and analyzed. An inguinal hernia confirmed by noting demographic profile, thorough clinical examination and necessary investigations. Result: An inguinal hernia is more common in male as compared to female. In the present study out of 116 cases, 96.55% of the male is suffering from an inguinal hernia while this incidence is only 3.45% in female. The peak incidence is in <10 and 50+ age group. All the cases are managed by surgical intervention. Conclusion: Inguinal hernias are a common cause of admission in the surgical unit. They also outnumber other surgical procedures. Their peak incidence is in paediatric age group and in 4th, & the 5th decade of life. The most accepted treatment is surgical intervention.
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