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Journal: NAUKA MOLODYKH (Eruditio Juvenium) (Vol.6, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 493-501

Keywords : Body dissatisfaction; body image; physical appearance; body mass index; physical attractiveness; predictors.;

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Background. Body and appearance dissatisfaction is the common problem in the modern society, where the social media actively popularize ideals of physical attractiveness that are far from the reality. Preoccupation with «overweight» and physical appearance expresses in changing of body image structure and leads to eating disorders, lower self-esteem and self-worth, negative emotional experience, and maladaptive behavioral patterns. The problem of body and appearance dissatisfaction is often discussed within the gender scope; however, psychological studies conducted over the last years prove the equal proneness of men and women to develop the preoccupation with physical appearance. Aim. The aim of this empirical study is to identify predictors of situational body dissatisfaction in young women with various body mass index. Materials and Methods. The sample consisted of 235 young women (mean age 18,403+0,874 years). In order to obtain necessary empirical data the following measures were utilized: Situational Inventory of Body Image Dysphoria (adaptation made by L.T. Baranskaya, S.S. Tatauto-va); Eating Disorders Inventory (adaptation made by O.A. Skugarevsky); the V.I. Morosanova's Styles of Self-Regulation of Behavior Questionnaire; Freiburg Personality Inventory. The calculation of body mass index (BMI) was executed to group the respondents. Results. It was discovered using the Cruscall-Wallis H-test that girls with different body mass index statistically significant differ in levels of situational body image dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and bulimia. Based on the results of multiple regression analysis, in groups of underweight girls (N=39), girls with normal weight (N=176), and overweight girls (N=20) specific predictors of situational body image dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, and bulimia were extracted. Conclusion. Describing the factors that determine the emergence and development of situational body dissatisfaction and eating disorders is the important step in creating specialized programs of psychological prevention and psychological correction of relevant problems.

Last modified: 2019-01-09 17:35:06