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Role of transverse joints in regulation of the reinforced concrete face stress-strain state

Journal: Вестник МГСУ / Vestnik MGSU (Vol.13, No. 12)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 1533-1545

Keywords : strength; tension; numerical simulation; transverse weld; stress and strain state; rockfill dam with reinforced concrete face;

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Introduction. Deals with the results of studying effectiveness of arranging transverse joints in the face as the means of regulation of its stress-strain state. At present reinforced concrete faces are constructed without being cut height-wise and transverse joints may be arranged only at the end of the dam construction stages. This is validated by the fact that experience in construction of flexible (discontinuous) faces has not demonstrated the required level of safety of this structural design. However, in the dams of the up-to-date structural designs, maintaining the face integrity is not guaranteed: cracks appeared in reinforced concrete faces at a number of high dams. Formation of cracks in faces should be attributed to presence of tensile stresses, whose values exceed concrete tensile strength. To prevent seal failure of the seepage-control element it is feasible to provide arrangement of the transverse joint in the face section where tensile stresses may be expected. Materials and methods. The studies were conducted on the example of a 100 m high dam with the aid of numerical modeling. Rockfill was considered as a lineally deformed material, but computations were conducted for a wide range of the soil linear deformation modulus: from 60 to 480 МPа. Steel reinforcement was considered in the face. Transverse joints were modelled with the aid of contact finite elements. Results. By the results of numerical modeling the tensile stresses appear in the uncut face due to bending deformations and deformations of longitudinal extension. The most hazardous is the face lower section. At this section the longitudinal tensile force and considerable moment are acting. Transverse joints are feasible to be arranged in this particular section of the face. Conclusion. It was revealed that the main positive effect of the transverse joint arrangement is in decreasing the value of longitudinal tensile force perceived by the face. Impact of the transverse joint on bending moments has a local effect and covers the section of the limited length. Moreover, at arranging joints the values of bending moments may increase. We may recommend arrangement of a transverse joint in the face which is parallel to the perimeter joints only in the face lower part which is subject to longitudinal deformation.

Last modified: 2019-01-15 21:45:41