ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login

A study of 50 cases of Organophosphorus poisoning and its complications

Journal: International Archives of Integrated Medicine (IAIM) (Vol.6, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 16-22

Keywords : Organophosphorus compounds; Poison; Cholinesterase level; Atropine; Pralidoxime; Respiratory paralysis; Intermediate syndrome.;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Background: In developing countries, the widespread use of organophosphorus compounds (OPCs) has been accompanied by increasing incidence of poisoning with these agents, both suicidal and accidental. This is attributed mainly to their easy availability, indiscriminate handling, storage and lack of knowledge about the serious consequences of poisoning. Of the various substance used for suicidal attempts in India, OPCs form a significant group. Since the clinical manifestation of OPC poisoning is diverse ranging from mild symptoms to fatal complications in the course of time, we need proper management of the situation. Materials and methods: We studied 50 patients of organophosphorus poisoning. We checked vital parameters, general examination and systemic examination. We also checked for various parameters on like cholinesterase level, complete blood counts, renal function test with electrolytes, liver function test. Results: In this study majority of patients fell in 20-30 years of age group with male predominance from lower and middle socio-economical class and most common reason was suicidal. Precipitating event were domestic problem, marital friction and financial problem. Most common clinical features were vomiting, miosis and giddiness. Majority of the patients belonged to mild grade. The average S.cholinesterase level was low as severity increases. More doses of PAM and atropine are required in severe poisoning. Most common complication was respiratory paralysis. Death was more in severe poisoning. Conclusion: OPC is one of the most common poisoning in India. Reason for poisoning is most commonly suicidal. It is common in male with low socio-economical class mainly due to domestic problems, financial issue and unhappy married life. In patients of OP poisoning presenting symptoms and S.ChE level directly correlated with severity. Therapeutic required dose of PAM and atropine are different in different grade of severity. Survival amongst patients is definitely better if atropine and PAM are being given with Mechanical ventilator support in cases of respiratory insufficiency.

Last modified: 2019-01-25 16:53:36