System of Wheat Intensification Study using Hydroponically raised Wheat Seedling – A New Approach towards Farmer’s WelfareJournal
: International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology (IJAAST) (Vol.6, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2019-01-30
Authors : Abha Saxena; Tarun Upadhyay; Deepti Rai; A.C.Varshney; Mohan Ji Saxena;
Page : 24-40
Keywords : System of Wheat Intensification (SWI); Hydroponics; soil less technology; System of Rice Intensification (SRI); plant to plant spacing;
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Wheat is 3rd most consumed crop in India after Rice and Maize. Its production is a source of employment for a major part of the country. Inspite of having such high demand Wheat Cultivating farmers faces problems like unavailability of irrigation water, poor survival rate, higher disease infestation, poor yields and unhealthy crop. In view of the same System of Wheat intensification (SWI) was expected to come out as a possible solution to these problems. In year 2017, Ayurvet Research Foundation, Chidana had conducted a field trial in which Hydroponically (soil- less method of raising crops) raised 8-day old Wheat seedling was transplanted through principle of SWI (through which fixed distance is maintained between 2 consecutive seedlings which facilitates proper root development and better yields). 4 treatments were practiced through which spacing of 10X10cm, 15X15cm and 20X20cm was maintained. Results showed direct yield gain of 18% (2311.1kg/acre) and 13% (2229.3kg/acre) in 10X10cm and 15X15 cm spacing as compared to conventional broadcasting method (1956.4kg/acre). The reason for not so convincing performance of 20X20cm spacing (1766.25kg/acre) was lower plant population though the highest seed weight of 32.5gm was recorded in 20X20cm treatment.
SWI is an efficient technology and can be of great help in doubling farmer's income. It had reduced weeding, use of pesticides and insecticides. Huge amount of water was saved because of the use of hydroponically raised Wheat seedling, germination rate was higher, survival rate was higher and the nutritive content of the seeds was way better than the conventional Wheat seeds.
Last modified: 2019-01-29 17:16:31