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Journal: Theory and practice of meat processing (Vol.3, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 36-55

Keywords : proteomics; two-dimensional electrophoresis; biomarkers; mass spectrometry;

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One of the ways to address the food quality issues facing the industry is the development of standardized and certified methods related to the conduct of in-depth studies of biochemical indicators of quality and safety of meat and meat products. The world laboratory practice in the field of food quality and safety shows a constant expansion of the list of controlled indicators of food raw materials and products. An important feature of the modern period in the development of biomedical and biotechnological research is the introduction of a whole complex of postgenomic technologies, which are based on a systematic approach to the study of the functioning of the mammalian proteome in various physiological and pathological conditions, including the formation and development of alimentary-dependent pathologies. In this regard, the problem of multilateral study of food products, in particular their identification, is the most relevant, because the modern technology of their production has undergone significant changes and requires the development of “gentle “ processing modes. They concern raw materials and auxiliary materials used at all stages of production. This and new technologies of production of protein products from plant raw materials, as well as the introduction of food raw materials and food additives of artificial origin and the excess introduction of additives of plant and animal origin can cause falsification of products, as well as affect the health of the consumer. Food quality assessment includes the control of components of finished products. It is most difficult to determine the proportion of muscle protein in multi-component meat products that have undergone heat treatment. Therefore, in practice, when assessing the quality of food products, there is a need to identify its real composition in accordance with the declared normative documents. Currently, a promising area of research in the field of determining the composition of finished food is the selection of biomarkers of various components. Therefore, it is important to develop a methodology for the identification of biochemical changes in food raw materials under the influence of technological factors using modern research methods. This paper provides an overview of the protein and peptide analysis methodology, including the latest technologies that are becoming increasingly important.

Last modified: 2019-02-04 00:57:16