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Journal: International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology(IJMET) (Vol.10, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 511-519

Keywords : transboundary aquifers; groundwater extraction management; UNESCO; environment; natural resource; license; sustainable;

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Groundwater is a unique kind of mineral resources, relation to which should be special in our modern world. Geology of the earth's surface is arranged in such a way that boundaries of groundwater aquifers and complexes distribution do not coincide with the boundaries of states, and therefore extraction of this priceless resource must be regulated at the international level. Aquifer exploitation occurs in all the countries at all the continents in accordance with local legislative norms. Many international conflicts can be prevented if one approaches the problems of subsoil use on the basis of a general agreement. The aim of the research is development of an international conceptual model for groundwater production management through regulation of specification systems, monitoring, licensing, control of groundwater extraction. Features of groundwater extraction from transboundary aquifers are considered, international experience of conflict regulation in this sphere is reviewed, environmental measures are offered, recommendations and prerequisites for development of an international system for groundwater extraction management are given.

Last modified: 2019-05-27 15:12:56