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Maternal-fetal Protection in Automobile Accidents and Reliability in the use of Existing Safety Belts

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (Vol.6, No. 7)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 708-710

Keywords : Seat belt; Pregnancy; Auto Accident.;

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This study aimed to understand the mechanisms of lesions that occur in pregnant women involved in automobile accidents, their outcomes, and to evaluate the effectiveness and reliability in the use of existing seatbelts. A systematic review was conducted based on PubMed, Scielo, and Lilacs. Describers: Pregnancy, traffic accidents, pregnancy complications, seatbelts, protective devices. Criteria of inclusion: Articles published in the period from 2006 to 2017, in the English, Portuguese, or Spanish languages. Eight studies were selected that comprised the sample in this research. The findings indicate that the main mechanisms of lesions that occur in pregnancy due to an automobile accident are related to direct trauma on the abdomen, given that at the moment of an accident the objects located within the vehicle continue moving forward, causing the pregnant woman to project the torso forward, strongly compromising the uterus, even with the use of the sub-abdominal seatbelt; despite this, the majority of the authors relate that the non-use of the seatbelts could lead to even graver traumatisms, including adverse fetal consequences.

Last modified: 2019-08-07 15:59:49