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Journal: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) (Vol.10, No. 6)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 615-626

Keywords : Agricultural wastes/ residues; Marble dust; Thermal properties; Design rigs; insulation;

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Namibia is a Semi-Arid Zone where the temperatures are high with an average of 300 days of sunshine annually. Most of the commonly used building insulations are made out of conventional materials which are petrochemical based substances that contain toxic substances which are harmful to the environment. This study aimed at comparing thermal efficiency of residential buildings of varying designs using material from Agricultural residues and marble dust in Namibia. Three prototype Rigs, with varying compositions were designed and built using standard building procedures. Rig A (TAR 1) with 150 mm thick internal and external walls; made of standard bricks of 7 MPa, insulated with compacted mixture containing 20% (wt.) Maize, 10 % (wt.) Millet, 30% (wt.) Rice and 40% (wt.), 30% (wt.) Cow dung; Rig B (Tamb2) 40% (wt.) with Maize, 30% (wt.), Millet, 10% (wt.), 20% (wt.), 20%wt. Marble dust and C (TNo3) that serve has control rig. Outside and inside temperatures of the Rigs were monitored during the warm (September 2017 - March 2018) and cold (April to August – 2018) seasons. Temperature and humidity sensors installed at critical positions in the interior of the building, were connected to symmetron data logger. Results of the three design concepts revealed that TAR 1 (Rig A) attained maximum and minimum temperatures of 24.40C and 14.80C, and humidity of 26.4% during winter and 29.60C and 19.30C during summer with average humidity of 21.1%. Tamb2 (Rig B) recorded maximum and minimum temperature of 31.220C and 18.70C during summer with a relative humidity of 20.3%. During winter Rig B attained average temperature of 22.600C. Furthermore, Rig C (TN03) recorded 32.220C and 21.700C in summer and winter respectively. From the results it can be deduced that Rig A (TAR 1) with compositions of 20% (wt.) Maize, 10 % (wt.) Millet, 30% (wt.) Rice and 40% (wt.), 30% (wt.) Cow dung; had the best performance

Last modified: 2019-08-09 14:51:56