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Carbon black reinforced natural rubber/butadiene rubber and natural rubber/butadiene rubber/styrene-butadiene rubber composites: Part I: Rheological, mechanical and thermomechanical properties

Journal: Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (Vol.5, No. 3)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 233-247

Keywords : Natural rubber; Butadiene rubber; Styrene-butadiene rubber; Carbon black reinforced rubber composite; Thermomechanical properties; Rheological properties;

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Carbon black reinforced natural rubber (NR)/butadiene rubber (BR), NR/styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) and NR/BR/SBR composites were prepared by using two types of BR with highly linear (higher viscosity and molecular weight) and branched chain structures. In NR/BR composite with a higher viscosity BR, the presence of both polysulphidic and monosulphidic types of crosslinking was confirmed based on FT-IR data. NR/BR composite consisting of BR with higher viscosity has the lowest Payne effect and compression set values. NR/BR/SBR composites have much lower Payne effect values compared to NR/SBR system. Also, the addition of BR to NR decreases the tan d value and leads to lowest values of tan d in NR/BR composites. Tensile strength and elongation at break values in NR/BR/SBR composites are improved with the addition of BR with a lower viscosity. In comparison with NR/SBR, NR/BR/SBR composites exhibit much less compression set and stress relaxation values because NR/SBR composite exhibits more permanent deformation due to its more rigid styrene content. Here, these results clearly show that blending carbon black reinforced NR or NR/SBR composites with BR having different degrees of viscosity is quite favorable in terms of using these NR composites as anti-vibrational rubber bushings in automotive applications.

Last modified: 2019-09-09 21:54:10