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Journal: Nauka i osvita / Science and Education (Vol.178, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 5-10

Keywords : limited psychophysical abilities of children; public welfare; social protection; integration; socialization; system of organ-izations;

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The article is devoted to the theoretical analysis of the system of organizations for children with the limited psy-chophysical possibilities in Ukraine. There is a system of governmental and non-governmental organizations working with children with limited psychophysical abilities. It is noted that at present there are at least two main strategies of social assistance, social security and protection of people with limited psychophysical capabilities. The first one is more focused on supporting the functioning of the system of institutions (boarding schools, residentional homes for people with disabilities, etc.) intended to help the children, young people and adults with special needs. The strategy is aimed at those people who live at home, but its priority areas are, first of all, financial allowance (payment of pensions and material assistance) and certain public welfare (social assistance, support), carried out through territorial institutions of the social security system. The second strategy involves the social adaptation of children (in particular, the inculcating life skills, vocational training, manifestation of creative potential to independent adult) and implemented by social rehabilitation centers. The comparative characteristic of the Community initiatives is shown in the article. The activities of social organizations aimed at social integration and provision of available integrated care services, habilitation and rehabilitation programs, providing support for children with special psychophysical capabilities. The organizations try to help a child to find his/her place in the new society. The main goal of the rehabilitation centers' activities is not only the reconstruction of the form and contents of work, but the desire to break and rebuild as a whole the attitudes to-wards children with special needs with consideration for their needs and problems. This is achieved by the following: coordinate the efforts of various experts dealing with the children with disabilities; provide early diagnostics develop-mental disorders; investigate a child's personality, reveal his/her abilities, optimize the choice of the adaptation and educational program; elaborate a program for the raising of children with different levels of mental disabilities; elabo-rate preventive measures; prepare people for education in special classes at regular schools and through professional assimilation.

Last modified: 2019-09-10 16:37:48