AGE CHANGES OF PROPERTIES OF TEMPERAMENTJournal: PERSONALITY IN A CHANGING WORLD: HEALTH, ADAPTATION, DEVELOPMENT (Vol.7, No. 3)
Publication Date: 2019-09-30
Authors : Shatokhina L.V. Kalashnikova M.M.;
Page : 538-548
Keywords : temperament; age features; diagnostics; students;
In this article, the authors focused on the study of such a psychological phenomenon as temperament. Analyzing various vectors of research of the specified problems it is necessary to notice that today this subject, undoubtedly, is comprehensively studied, however some moments still remain on the periphery of science and practice. As a result, there is a need to clarify a number of issues related to the manifested changes in various properties of personality temperament. Interest in the discussion of this problem arose after consideration of research works of modern domestic scientists, which presented the main findings of experimental studies in this area, as well as a result of targeted observations of the behavior of children in school age. Taking into ac count the anatomi cal, physiological, mental features of the development of the child's body, which depend directly on the functioning of the complex and highly specialized nervous system, we aempted to study the age-related changes in the properties of temperament in municipal educational institutions of Ryazan. The authors revealed differences in age manifestations of temperament properties by the following factors: neuroticism, emotionality. Brief descriptions of the behavior of students of Junior and senior classes with a tendency to neuroticism, extroversionintroversion are presented. The results of the empirical study indicate the importance and the need for targeted and systematic training of teachers of secondary schools to implement the process of education and upbringing of students, taking into account the individual typological characteristics of the individual. Given the article's recommendations will assist in the first place beginning teachers in the selection of the priority of methods, forms, means and ways comprehensive and harmonious personality.
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