ResearchBib Share Your Research, Maximize Your Social Impacts
Sign for Notice Everyday Sign up >> Login


Journal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.9, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 709-716

Keywords : crop; environmental risk; fertilizers; lead mobility; soil;

Source : Downloadexternal Find it from : Google Scholarexternal


Lead (Pb) is a widespread pollutant presented in soil, by various compounds. However, only mobile forms represent a danger to living organisms. The mobile compounds are those extracted with 0.1 and 1.0 HCl. Soil indexes like - the content of particles less than 0.001 mm (clay), soil organic matter (SOM) content, pH status of the soil solution significantly affect the mobility of lead. Application of mineral and organic fertilizers can enhance or reduce the mobility of lead in soil as well. The influence of fertilizers on the mobility of lead, as well as the peculiarities of its translocation into plants, was investigated at long-term-field experiments in three main climatic zones of Ukraine (Polissya, Forest-steppe, Steppe). We found that the soil parameters had the influence on lead mobility were in the following sequence: clay content> SOM > soil рН. There was a strong inverse correlation between lead mobility and soil parameters (r = 0.821-0.962). Application of mineral fertilizers increased the content of lead mobile forms in soil (by 7-24%), whereas organic fertilizers contributed to its decrease. Crops were ranged by the ability for lead accumulation in the following order: clover> sugar beets > corn> sunflower> winter wheat. Furthermore, mineral fertilizers contributed significantly to lead translocation from the soil to crops, while the influence of organic fertilizers on this process was insignificant.

Last modified: 2019-10-31 13:34:14