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Viability of Municipal Solid Waste as a source for Bioenergy products production

Journal: International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (Vol.5, No. 2)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 310-341

Keywords : MSW; pre-treatment; MSW management; Solid State Fermentation (SSF); recycling; Biogas; Methane gas; Anaerobic digestion (AD); biofuel; ethanol; butanol and bio-fertiliser.;

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Energy is an important requirement for population growth, technological progress and urbanisation. Worldwide energy demand has been projected to increase 5-fold by 2100. Fulfilment of these energy requirements cannot be solely reliant on fossil fuels, such as oil, coal and natural gas, on account of their adverse environmental impacts and concomitant depletion of natural resources. As a result multiple approaches for generating alternative energy are being explored globally.In this review paper, focused on the viability of waste especially MSW being a source for bioenergy products such as methane gas, bio-enzyme, biofuel and bio-fertiliser production. This review also focuses on the environmental impacts of MSW, the effect of MSW pre-treatments and properties (physical and chemical) on bioenergy products production

Last modified: 2020-03-21 21:59:41