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Eneolithic and Bronze Age Burials Grounds in European Northeast of Russia: Question оf Attribution

Journal: Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya (The Volga River Region Archaeology) (Vol.1, No. 31)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 81-97

Keywords : archaeology; northeast of Europe; Eneolithic; Bronze Age; burial ground; Garino culture; Abashevo culture;

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The paper reports data on the reliable burials of the Eneolithic and Bronze Age in the territory of the Komi Republic. The author identified the circumstances that influenced the small number of this type of sites and poor information content. The context and inventory of the burials at the Ulyanovo site and Vis II settlement have been analyzed. As a result the question about the cultural affiliation and age of these burials arose. The author proposed solutions to this issue, among which it is most likely variant was considered that the buried persons were the representatives of the Garino culture. Time of these funeral events is determined by 3rd – 1st half of IId millennia BC – the period which in the north of the taiga zone corresponds to the Eneolithic, and in the regions to the south – the Bronze Age. It is also likely that these artifacts such as copper and amber decorations in the studied burials were status (prestigious) and therefore were objects of exchange, but were not the evidences of direct migrations of the creators of these items from one region to another. At the same time, the author does not exclude that such items could also appear in the environment of mobile taiga hunter-gatherers as a result of grave robberies, successful random finds, etc.

Last modified: 2020-03-26 21:30:28