Respiratory Health Upshots due to Contaminated Living Environment: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Industrial Belt of Kanpur City, IndiaJournal: SocioEconomic Challenges (SEC) (Vol.4, No. 1)
Publication Date: 2020-04-02
Authors : Gyan Chandra Kashyap Parul Puri Shri Kant Singh;
Page : 17-27
Keywords : living environment; morbidity; respiratory health; workers;
In recent decades, air pollution has become a real threat to the lives and health of populations around the world. Today, about 92% of the world's population lives in areas with low air quality standards. In India, in particular, air pollution is one of the main causes of respiratory and allergic diseases, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia and even tuberculosis. The purpose of this study is to analyze the extent of the spread of respiratory diseases in people living near the leather manufacturing industry in Jamau, Kanpur, India. The source of information is a cross-sectoral survey of male workers from the Jamau area, for which a three-stage sampling model is used. The study area selected areas of Bujiat, Motinagar and Asharfabad because of the high concentration of the population employed in leather processing plants. During the study, the authors used one- and two-dimensional statistics. The study showed that there are no major benefits of civilization in the study areas: housing, water, hygiene and sanitation, waste treatment, etc. In the last 12 months, it was found that 11% of the population in the aforementioned territory experienced symptoms such as wheezing or wheezing at any time of the day, ie permanently, and another 9% of the population were waking up from chest tightness in the previous 12 months. During the survey period, 10% of the respondents had coughing sputum at least three months before the day or night. The rapid spread of various respiratory diseases may be associated with higher levels of air pollution. The article presents the recommendations of the authors on adherence to the principles of fair industrial activity within the framework of corporate social responsibility and promotion of sustainable development of territories.
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