EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION OF BRUCELAR INFECTION IN THE DISTRICT OF GJIROKASTRAJournal: International journal of ecosystems and ecology science (IJEES) (Vol.4, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2014-11-10
Authors : Laura Mezini; Zamira Vllaho; Arjeta Xhemali; Henri Korro;
Page : 645-648
Keywords : Brucella melitensis; zoonotic desease; agglutination; Wright test.;
The majority part of Gjirokastra is a rural territory where cloven hoof animals grow . This phenomenon is favored by the mountainous terrain of this area . For the first time Brucellosis is found in the village Poliçan with a considerable spread among residents of the area, during the years 1941-1944. Our study is extended between January 2005 and January 2006. There were 1224 individuals presented for examination, of whom 401 resulted positive for infection by Brucella melitensis . 187 people affected from this infection were males and 214 females . This infection is more common in the age of 25-60 years old ( 273 individuals ). The period of the year with the highest number of infections is June with 80 infected people. The most usual test in ours laboratories is the WRIGHT TEST with the serum agglutination . All the results of this study are obtained by the WRIGHT TEST. About 75 % of infective diseases in humans are caused from animals . The most common zoonotic disease in this region is brucellosis , therefore the study of the dynamics of brucelar infection in humans and the measures to prevent it, are needed.
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