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Improving the Accounting for Credit Transactions in Pawnshops

Journal: Oblik i finansi (Vol.1, No. 88)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ;

Page : 5-11

Keywords : credit operations; pawnshop; accounting for loans; borrower's creditworthiness; scoring model of assessment;

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The activities of pawnshops are important for the development of the credit market in Ukraine, because such mobile and flexible institutions can satisfy the exceptional requirements and needs of consumers in urgent lending. The purpose of the article is to justify a methodical approach to assessing the borrower's creditworthiness in pawnshops as well as to determine the methods of displaying the assessing results in the accounting system. In Ukraine pawnshops use IFRS, but they also guided by the Instruction for the application of the Chart of Accounts for accounting of assets, capital, liabilities and business operations of enterprises and organizations. Off-balance sheet and balance accounts that are used by pawnshops for accounting of credit operations were disclosed. The directions of assessing the borrower's creditworthiness by quantitative and qualitative parameters were determined. The scoring model for assessing the borrower's creditworthiness in pawnshops was presented, which provides for the distribution of borrowers based on the Harrington scale. Subaccounts were proposed for accounting for certain groups of borrowers depending on their reputation (risk of loan default). The correspondence of accounts for the accounting of credit operations in pawnshops for various groups of borrowers was given. Using the proposed approach to the classification of borrowers in pawnshops when providing loans to individuals will help to obtain rather high interest for using a loan, as well as provide an opportunity to cover all costs of the sale of collateral. Accounting of various groups of borrowers depending on their reputation will allow to quickly get information about the amount of loans provided by various groups and find out which borrowers use the pawnshop services more.

Last modified: 2020-07-12 23:28:11