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Relevance of Teaching Methodology of Human Anatomy as Described in Suśruta SaṂhitā

Journal: International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (Vol.4, No. 4)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 156-168

Keywords : Ayurvedic; Ayurveda; Sushruta; Anatomy; teaching knowledge; human dissection;

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Ayurveda, the science of life which deals with the maintenance of physical, mental and spiritual well being of an individual has its origin thousands of years ago from Vedic period. Among the four Vedas, Atharva Veda contributes more to Ayurveda. Ayurveda is also considered as fifth Veda or Upaveda. According to modern system of medicine, Gray's Anatomy is the anatomical basis of medicine and surgery. But in fact the ancient system of Indian medicine Ayurveda has described the detail dissection methodology, nomenclature of human anatomy, clinical anatomy, analogy, method of teaching anatomy which is preliminary for dissection as well. Sushruta is called as the father of surgery, but if we undergo the Ayurveda books, principals of human anatomy are very specifically mentioned by Sushruta, so Sushruta should also called as the father of human anatomy. Various Vedic texts and other classical literature of Indian civilization provide the evidences for existence of knowledge of anatomy before the upliftment of modern anatomy. Till date, very little is known to the western world about the profound description of the subject present in ancient texts of Indian medicine. Anatomy is widely admired as being one of the foundations of medical field. Studying anatomy by the dissected cadaver is observed as the uniquely explain property of medical courses. Explosion of knowledge in the area of medicine was suitable due to examination of human body by human cadaver dissection. Acharya Sushruta was a strong promoter of human dissection as confirm from his Samhita. Systematic procedure for the dissection of the human dead body cadaver is included by him in his books. Sushruta is called as the father of surgery in present era also, but Sushruta should also call as the father of human anatomy because he described the essentials of human anatomy very precisely. Present article is my thesis work of Postgraduate degree. In this context some basic concepts are collected and arranged Sthan vise to show that scientific and teaching knowledge of human anatomy was very well known to ancient Acharya. These are following Dr. Jyoti Gangwal | Dr. Vikash Bhatnagar | Dr. Sandeep M. Lahange | Dr. Sanjay Kholiya "Relevance of Teaching Methodology of Human Anatomy as Described in Suśruta SaṂhitā" Published in International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456-6470, Volume-4 | Issue-4 , June 2020, URL: Paper Url :

Last modified: 2020-07-14 20:30:45