The picture of Orpheus in the works by Vyacheslav Ivanov and Maurice Blanchot: to the experience of a comparative analysisJournal: The Digital Scholar: Philosopher’s Lab (Vol.3, No. 2)
Publication Date: 2020-06-30
Authors : Ekaterina V. Bolnova;
Page : 135-144
Keywords : Orpheus; Eurydice; Vyacheslav Ivanov; Maurice Blanchot; symbolism; mythopoetics; myth;
The article considers typological connections of Orpheus image in philosophical, literary and critical articles of the Russian symbolist V. Ivanov and the French poet and philosopher M. Blanchot. With the help of biographical, cultural-historical, historical-typological and mythological methods, moments of fundamental similarity associated with the perception of Orpheus as the ideal embodiment of a creative person are established. Despite the fact that the specific names do not coincide (for Ivanov, such an ideal embodiment is Alexander Scriabin, while for Blanchot, it is Rilke), the fundamental similarity of the approaches of the Russian and French thinkers to this issue allows us to consider both important figures for art in one row. The study pays special attention to the interpretation by both authors of the climax of the myth associated with Orpheus looking back at Eurydice. Along with it, it fixes not only the intersection of Ivanov and Blanchot's worldviews, but also fundamental differences in their perception of the image of the mythological hero. The most important thing, however, is to identify the commonality of phenomena associated with the deep coincidence in some aspects of the philosophical concepts of these authors, which demonstrates their typological relationship. Thus, Orpheus, in theperception of Ivanov and Blanchot, is a figure endowed with duality. This is what allows him to not only create art, but also transform reality. The article proves the undoubted typological similarity in the interpretation of the image of Orpheus by Ivanov and Blanchot, which is due to the general focus (a characteristic of modernist European culture, which both of them belong to) on understanding the key concepts of culture based on the anthological heritage.
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