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Labour out Migration from Rice based Cropping System: A Case Study of Bihar, India

Journal: The Journal of AgriSearch (JAS) (Vol.2, No. 1)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 57-61

Keywords : Migration; Rice production; Labor migration; Remittances; Bihar;

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Migration has been a recurrent phenomenon since the dawn of human history. Though its form has changed but it remains a dominant event in the global social system. In modern days people also migrate from underdeveloped areas to the developed ones in search of better opportunities. A number of social, cultural, economic, spatial, climatic, demographic factors induce migration, however, the economic factors are considered as the primary reasons for inducing migration. Migration of male labour force from Bihar has increased during last two decades. It was observed that the youngsters are more prone to migration and most of them are migrating to urban centers for non-farm work. Migration helped more rational use of two critical inputs, labour and irrigation in rice production on migrant households. The migration seems to have helped in judicious use of human labour at native place due to migration of surplus labour force for gainful employment to destination of migration. Remittances have been utilized for meeting consumption needs, improved livelihood, better education to children and better health care facilities

Last modified: 2020-09-05 20:40:55