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The impact of three combinations vildagliptin/metformin, vildagliptin/pioglitazone, and metformin/pioglitazone on glycemic control and atherogenic dyslipidemia in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Journal: International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology (Vol.3, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ; ; ; ;

Page : 902-907

Keywords : C-peptide; Combination therapies; Diabetes mellitus; Incretin therapies; Insulin resistance;

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Background: There are limitations of currently recommended stepwise treatment for Type 2 diabetes, especially failure with monotherapies to achieve the strict glycemic control. This has prompted the intensification of therapy with such combinations which have additive efficacy and complimentary mechanisms of action. Vildagliptin is one such agent with the above potential which does not increase the risk of hypoglycemia and does not promote weight gain. Methods: It was a prospective, open-label, randomized, and parallel group study involving 90 patients, divided into three Groups A, B, and C. Group A given vildagliptin/metformin (50/500 mg), Group B vildagliptin/pioglitazone (50/15 mg)and Group C metformin/pioglitazone (500/15 mg) combinations twice daily for 12 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was estimated biweekly while hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), lipid profile, insulin, and C-peptide levels at 0 and 12th week. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA and Student's t-test. Results: At the end, mean percentage of age fall in HbA1c and FBG from baseline was maximum in Group B, which was found out to be more efficacious than Group A and C (p

Last modified: 2014-10-25 16:50:48