Fire safety in UkraineJournal: Bulletin of Prydniprovs'ka State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture (Vol.2020, No. 4)
Publication Date: 2020-09-15
Authors : Bielikov A. S.; Kirnos K. A.; Sharanova Yu. G.; Кuksenko O. I.;
Page : 18-24
Keywords : safety of exploitation of buildings and buildings; fire safety; combustibility; fire-resistance; elimination of fires; causes of fires; state of fire hazard; fire safety of buildings and premises;
Problem statement. The growing level of technical equipment of enterprises, the complexity of production processes are accompanied by increased energy intensity of production, high concentration of capacity and materials, the use of polymeric synthetic materials, increasing the area and number of storeys of industrial buildings. Under such conditions, non-compliance with fire safety requirements leads to significant economic losses and human casualties. The problem of fire safety in the operation of buildings and structures fully depends on fire-technical structures. As the statistical analysis shows in Ukraine, more than 90 % of fires occur in buildings and structures, therefore, determining the main causes of fires in buildings and structures is the main urgent task. The purpose of the article.To conduct the analysis of statistical data in relation to fires which arise in Ukraine. To define principal сauses of fires and basic directions of providing safety of buildings and buildings. Conclusions. The conducted analysis showed that considerable part of fires with considerable financial losses and death of people that take place in buildings. Therefore one of the basic tasks of providing safety of buildings is an increase in fire-resistance limit of building constructions and decline of combustibility of building materials. To prevent and successfully fight fires, it is necessary to know the physicochemical and flammable properties of substances and materials used, to be able to assess the fire hazard of substances and processes, to choose the right effective means of prevention and protection against fires and explosions.
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