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A Qualitative test of Primary and Secondary Metabolites of Bintaro Plant as a Rat (Rattus argentiventer) Pest Repellent

Journal: International Journal of Environment, Agriculture and Biotechnology (Vol.5, No. 5)

Publication Date:

Authors : ;

Page : 1300-1303

Keywords : Bintaro; rat pests; primary and secondary metabolites content.;

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Bintaro is a mangrove plant that grows on the coast and is often used as a shade tree in megacities. The toxic content of the Bintaro plant is found in all parts of the plant. The toxic content of cardiac glycoside compounds contained in the Bintaro plant can be used as a rat repellent. Rat pests are important pests in crops, especially in rice plants which are difficult to control in mechanically and chemically, thus rice production always decreases. Therefore, it is necessary to search for effective, efficient, and environmental-friendly control technology, namely by using fruit extracts. The plant-based rodenticides made from Bintaro fruit extracts are effective for overcoming rat pests. The purpose of the study was to determine the qualitative levels of primary and secondary metabolites from Bintaro plants which act as antifeedants for rat pests (Ratus argiventer). The method used in this research was qualitative testing using phenol method to test the content of primary and secondary metabolites in the leaves and stems of Bintaro plants. From the results of the research conducted, it was found that the qualitative levels of primary metabolites from Bintaro leaves and stems contained protein content. Fat and carbohydrate content of secondary metabolites found in the stems and leaves of the Bintaro plants were Alkaloids, Saponins, Flavonoids and Polyphenols in Bintaro leaves and on its stems contained Flavonoids, Saponins, Tannins and alkaloids.

Last modified: 2020-10-23 17:18:48